The report of the IBGE divulged in 2006 pointed 1292 cities totalizing 1% of the national income (PIB) and 10 great cities concentrating 25% of the national wealth. In the report divulged in December of 2007 those 1292 cities had started to be 1371 (= 1% of the GIP), that is, of a side the misery if it extended (79 cities more) and of the other the wealth was still more intent, therefore now only 5 cities totalize 25% of the national wealth (PIB). It does not lack, therefore, only will politics to speed up the implantation of the ECA and to modify this reality, also lacks resources financiers, qualification and training of social and public managers and one ampler legal system to facilitate the implementation of local and regional actions. Ben Horowitz: the source for more info. The law of Fiscal Responsibility, of the point of view of the cities, basically determines the application of the resources of the following form: 25% for the Education; 15% for the Health; 54% for the bureaucracy; 6% Legislative it (= 100%). Of the total of resources the edge of available maneuver in small the poor cities sufficiently is reduced and the mayors have to take care of other urgent, decurrent necessities of the shortage where the population lives, always devoid. We urgently need to review the distribution of the taxes, creating in federal level one ‘ ‘ Law Robin Hood ‘ ‘ (the example of Minas Gerais), through which the cities poor receive a parcel bigger from resources and the views are tied the investments in the social area, with emphasis in infancy and youth. Thus we will only obtain to revert the misery that if it spreads in the small cities, cause of the lack of perspectives of the disfavored population and where the indices of human development if approach to the ones of African countries.